Guide for Authors

Guide for Authors


Physical Geography Research (JPHGR) is a specialized, double-blind peer-reviewed, open-access journal that provides rapid reviewing and publication of articles all aspects of environmental science. Physical Geography Research is the nationally-refereed publication of the Institute of Geography in the University of Tehran. The Institute is the principal body representing geographers and promoting the study and application of geography in Iran. It was founded in 1955 and since then has promoted, supported, and defended Iranian geography.

Physical Geography Research aims to advance innovative, theoretically informed, methodologically rigorous, high-quality work that shows the strength and diversity of all parts of the discipline in geography. University of Tehran Press (UTP) publishes quarterly the journal as continuous online content.

Paper Length
Because of the heavy pressure on space, the Editor will give preference to articles that deal succinctly with an issue which both important and clearly defined. In general, articles should not exceed 8,000 words unless there is a special justification.


  • Submission of a manuscript to Physical Geography Research (JPHGR) must constitute of original manuscript not previously published, and that it is not being considered for publication elsewhere. Manuscripts submitted under multiple authors are reviewed on the assumption that all listed authors have agreed on the submission and that a copy of the final manuscript has been approved by all authors. Manuscripts are first reviewed by the journal editors to ensure their appropriateness relevant to the framework of the journal. Then, the manuscript would be peer-reviewed by related experts. If accepted, the article shall not be published elsewhere, without the consent of the journal’s editors and publisher.
  • Persian manuscript should be typed in narrow B NAZANIN font size 12 and English manuscript should be typed in narrow TIMES NEW ROMAN size 10 in Microsoft Word format (doc, docx).
  • The size of the manuscript should not exceed approximately 8000 words or at most 15 printed pages of the size of the publication and at least 10 pages (including tables, figures, abstract, and sources list).
  • For Persian manuscript, the title including word spacing shouldn't exceed 20 words.
  • For English manuscripts, the author’s name and affiliation of the corresponding author and all other authors should be typed below the title of the article.
  • Figures in the article must be original and have a high quality. The original file of the figures should be sent in Excel, Word or PDF format with a resolution of 600 dpi. The font size, especially for curves (legend), should be big enough to be legible (up 8pt) after the sizes are decreased for printing.
  • In order to submit a manuscript, the corresponding author should visit the journal website, and send their articles after registration following the instructions given.

Manuscript Structure

  • Title page: in the identification page, the title of the article, name, and surname of the author(s), scientific rank, full address (postal code, telephone, and fax numbers and email address (Academic Email), location of the research, the person in charge for the article and date of sending the article should be mentioned. The corresponding author’s name should be specified with a star mark.
  • Running title: A maximum of 40 characters with spaces should be provided.
  • Abstract: includes both Persian and English abstracts of the article and keywords (3 to 6 words). The Persian abstract should not exceed 200 words and should describe the purpose of the study, the methods, the results, and the conclusion should precede the main text. Also, authors should send 250 words English abstracts for their manuscripts, too. Meanwhile, for indexing and abstracting JPHGR articles in the international information database, authors should send an English extended abstract, including 750 to 1000 words, for their manuscripts. It should include an introduction, methodology, results, discussion, conclusion, and references in a way that could be published individually.
  • Keywords: A maximum of 6 keywords or phrases should be provided; preferably, these should be selected from the body of the text.
  • Introduction: includes background information, the necessity of doing the research, unanswered questions about topics of the manuscript and purpose of the research, and the method of the manuscript for answering them.
  • Literature Review: includes scientific descriptions, latest theories, and scientific discussions related to the manuscript’s topic, viewpoints of the connoisseurs, and finally a conceptive model for the research.
  • Methodology: includes designing the research, time and place of running the research, the study samples, sampling method, and process of gathering data, measurement tools, and methods of quantity and quality analysis.
  • Results: presenting precise results of important findings according to scientific principles and using the required tables and charts. 
  • Conclusion and Discussion: includes the effects and the importance of the research findings and its relations with similar researches emphasizing on the differences, explains the manuscript’s potential to be universal and the scientific usage of the findings, and presents necessary guidelines for continuing relative researches, conclusion, possible suggestions and recommendations. 
  • Illustrations: Illustrations will appear either across a single column (8 cm) or a whole page (14 cm). The illustrations should be numbered in Arabic numerals according to the sequence of appearance in the text, where they are referred to as Fig. 1, Fig. 2, etc. Figure legends should be concise and clear and should not duplicate the body of the text. Each illustration must have a title and an explanatory legend. The title should be part of the legend and not be reproduced on the figure itself. The legends should be placed on a separate page at the end of the manuscript and begin with the number of the illustration they refer to. All symbols and abbreviations used in the figure must be explained.  Also, please indicate their appropriate locations in the manuscript.
  • Tables: Tables should be so constructed that they, together with their captions and legends, will be intelligible with minimal reference to the text. Tables of numerical data should each be typed (with double-spacing) on a separate page, numbered in sequence in Arabic numerals (Table 1, 2, etc.) and referred to in the text as Table 1, Table 2, etc. The title of the table should appear above it. A detailed description of its contents and footnotes should be given below the body of the table. Also, please indicate their appropriate locations in the manuscript.
  • Quotations: quoting from the content of the sources should be specified with narrow characters and common punctuations and the names of the owners of the works, date and page numbers of the sources should be given immediately after in parenthesis. 


  • The references relied on should be mentioned both in the text and in the end of the manuscript. The authors are responsible for the accuracy of bibliographic information. Citations in the text should conform to the referencing style used by the last version of American Psychological Association (APA) style, Reference to published works should be mentioned in English, for example: (Woods, 2005, 27-8). 
  •  (Chapman 2012)



  • Authors will receive proofs by email. Only printer's errors may be corrected; no change in, or additions to, the edited manuscript will be allowed at this stage. The corrected proofs must be returned within 72 hours after receipt by email. If the Publisher receives no reply, the assumption will be made that there are no errors to correct and the article will be published.


Ethical Considerations

  • Physical Geography Research (JPHGR) is committed to apply ethics of publication, based on the COPE’s Code of Conduct and Best Practices. Also, in social and economic studies, JPHGR has engaged to apply ethics of research, based on  Respect Code of Practice for Socio-Economic Research. So, the research’s ethical considerations must be addressed in the Materials and Methods section.  For more information on the journal’s ethical Principles, please refer to the journal publication ethics page.


  • Plagiarism: Physical Geography Research (JPHGR) detect and prevents plagiarism in journal articles, all submissions will be checked with smaim noor  software, ( in both stages of submission and acceptance. 


Reference Guideline

In Physical Geography Research (JPHGR), citations should conform to the referencing style used by the last version of American Psychological Association (APA) style, Please use Endnote and Zotero or similar reference managing software to insert the references. Using MS Word References tab to insert the references in the main document is highly preferred and recommended.

In-text citations


Single author:

(Adam, 1992) OR Adam (1992) proved that…

Two authors:

(Ringsven & Morse, 1996) OR In their study, Ringsven and Morse (1996)…

Three to five authors:

First citation: (Lupton, Brunn, & Platt, 2000) OR Lupton, Brunn, and Platt (2000)…

Subsequent citations: (Johnson et al., 2002)

Six or more authors:

(White et al., 2001) OR White et al. (2001)…


Reference List:

In addition, all references cited in the text should be listed at the end of the manuscript on a separate page in alphabetical order by authors’ last names. All items in the list of references should be cited in the text and, conversely, all references cited in the text must be presented in the list. Personal communications and unpublished data including manuscripts submitted, but not yet accepted for publication should not be used as a reference, nonetheless, they may be placed in parentheses in the text.  



Hisakata, R., Nishida, S., & Johnston, A. (2016). An adaptable metric shapes perceptual space. Current Biology, 26(14), 1911–1915. Retrieved October 3, 2016, from

Hogue, C. W. V. (2001). Structure databases. In A. D. Baxevanis & B. F. F. Ouellette (Eds.), Bioinformatics, Life Sciences Series (2nd ed., pp. 83–109). New York, NY: Wiley-Interscience.

Musk, E. (2006, August 2). The secret Tesla Motors master plan (just between you and me). Tesla Blog. Retrieved September 29, 2016, from

Sambrook, J., & Russell, D. W. (2001). Molecular cloning: a laboratory manual (3rd ed.). Cold Spring Harbor, NY: CSHL Press.


Due to the necessity of the participation of the respected author/authors in providing the preparation costs (editing and pagination) of the publication, an amount of six million Rials will be received from each article approved for publication. For electronic printing of the article, the amount of 6,000,000 Rials (six hundred thousand Tomans) must be deposited with the Central Bank under the number 4001070103006825 under the name of University of Tehran, after the receipt of the fee payment letter, for the next steps, send it to the journal office and scan it to